Otorinolaringologie

cuprins

Otorinolaringologie

Ce este otorinolaringologia?

Otolaryngology, or ENT, is the medical specialty devoted to ailments and anomalies of the “ENT sphere”, namely:

  • the ear (outer, middle and inner);
  • nose and sinuses;
  • throat and neck (mouth, tongue, larynx, trachea);
  • the salivary glands.

The ENT is therefore interested in hearing, voice, breathing, smell and taste, balance, and facial aesthetics (3). It includes cervico-facial surgery.

Many conditions and abnormalities can be managed by an otolaryngologist, since all organs of the ENT sphere can be affected by:

  • birth defects;
  • tumori;
  • infections or inflammations;
  • trauma or injury;
  • degeneration (especially deafness);
  • paralysis (facial, laryngeal);
  • but also, indications for plastic and aesthetic surgery of the face and neck.

When to consult an ENT?

The otolaryngologist (or otolaryngologist) is involved in the treatment of many diseases. Here is a non-exhaustive list of problems that can be taken care of in ENT:

  • in the mouth:
    • removal (excision) of tonsils, adenoid adenoids;
    • salivary gland tumors or infections;
    • tumors of the mouth, tongue.
  • on the nose:
  • congestie nazală cronică;
  • sforăit et apnee de somn ;
  • sinuzita ;
  • rhinoplasty (operation to “redo” the nose);
  • smell disturbances.
  • infecţii ale urechii repeat ;
  • pierderea auzului sau surditate;
  • durere de ureche (durere de ureche);
  • tinitus ;
  • balance disturbances, dizziness.
  • voice pathologies;
  • stridor (noise when breathing);
  • thyroid disorders (in collaboration with an endocrinologist);
  • reflux gastro-laryngé ;
  • laryngeal cancers, cervical masses
  • at the level of the ears:
  • in the throat:
🚀Mai multe despre subiect:  Condiment de cuișoare: compoziție, proprietăți utile. Video

Although pathologies in the ENT sphere can affect everyone, there are certain recognized risk factors, among others:

  • fumat;
  • consum excesiv de alcool;
  • overweight or obesity (snoring, apnea…);
  • young age: children are more prone to ear infections and other ENT infections than adults.

What does ENT do?

To arrive at a diagnosis and identify the origin of the disorders, the otolaryngologist:

  • își întreabă pacientul pentru a afla natura tulburărilor, data apariției acestora și modul lor de declanșare, gradul de disconfort resimțit;
  • performs a clinical examination of the organs in question, using instruments suitable for the nose, ears or throat (spatulas, otoscope, etc.);
  • may have recourse to additional examinations (radiography, for example).

Depending on the problem and the treatment to be provided, the otolaryngologist may use:

  • to various drugs;
  • at fibroscopies or endoscopies, to visualize the interior of the respiratory tract for example;
  • surgical interventions (ENT is a surgical specialty), whether they are tumor, restorative or reconstructive interventions;
  • prostheses or implants;
  • to rehabilitation.

What are the risks during an ENT consultation?

The consultation with an otolaryngologist does not involve any particular risks for the patient.

How to become an ENT?

Become an ENT in France

Pentru a deveni otorinolaringolog, studentul trebuie să obțină o diplomă de studii de specialitate (DES) în ORL și chirurgie cap și gât:

  • mai întâi trebuie să urmeze, după bacalaureat, un prim an comun în studiile de sănătate. Rețineți că în medie mai puțin de 20% dintre studenți reușesc să treacă această etapă;
  • at the end of the 6th year, students take the national classifying tests to enter the boarding school. Depending on their classification, they will be able to choose their specialty and their place of practice. The otolaryngology internship lasts 5 years (10 semesters, including 6 in ENT and head and neck surgery and 4 in another specialty, including at least 2 in surgery).
🚀Mai multe despre subiect:  Caleidoscopic at Millesime Madrid

În cele din urmă, pentru a putea exersa ca medic pediatru și a deține titlul de doctor, studentul trebuie să susțină și o teză de cercetare.

Become an ENT in Quebec

 After college studies, the student must complete a doctorate in medicine. This first stage lasts 1 or 4 years (with or without a preparatory year for medicine for students admitted with college or university training deemed insufficient in basic biological sciences). Then, the student will have to specialize by following a residency in otolaryngology and head and neck surgery (5 years). 

Pregătește-ți vizita

Înainte de a merge la programare cu un ORL, este important să susțineți orice examen imagistic sau de biologie deja efectuat.

It is important to note the characteristics of the pain (duration, onset, frequency, etc.), to inquire about your family history and to bring the various prescriptions.

 

Pentru a găsi un medic ORL:

  • în Quebec, puteți consulta site-ul web al Association d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et deirurgie cervico-faciale du Quebec4, care oferă un director al membrilor lor.
  • in France, via the website of the Ordre des médecinsâ ?? µ or the Syndicat national des médecins specialized in ENT and cervico-facial surgery6, which offers a directory.

Consultarea cu medicul otorinolaringolog este acoperită de Asigurările de Sănătate (Franța) sau de Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec.

Lasă un comentariu